Details - ©Nicky Davis
Photos of worn adult butterfly
Fifth Instar - June
After pupa formed it was placed in summer conditions, then winter
conditions and spritzed every two weeks. On March 5, 2007, the
pupa was placed in spring conditions and spritzed at least twice daily.
2. back view and side view of new pupa - June 9, 2006
swallowtails purge excess liquid when ready to wander and pupate.
At that time, place the larva in a gizmo
or lunch sack and allow pupation.
Since P. indra "bonnevillensis" has just one flight per year, the
pupa must go through simulated summer, winter and spring
conditions before it will break diapause and emerge as an
adult. These simulated seasons may need to be repeated
for three year before the pupa breaks diapause.
Provide a summer routine of cupboard until Labor
Day. Put pupa in fridge from Labor Day to Thanksgiving; put pupa
outside in a terrarium placed in a wooden box from Thanksgiving
to Valentines Day--mist spraying or exposing pupa to intermittant
humidity about every two weeks or so during cold period; paying
specific attention to humidity after Christmas. On Valentines Day,
bring pupa out of cold to room temperature. Then, mist spray pupa
every other day to see if pupa breaks diapause. The pupa should show
signs of development after 12 days or so after having been brought in
from the cold.
P. indra pupae that are 1 year olds generally do NOT break diapause the
first spring; therefore, your one year old will go back in cupboard (if
it doesn't break diapause) until next Labor Day and repeat, year after
year until done.
Five percent of P. indra bonnevillensis emerge after 1 year of humid
winter; 80 percent of them emerge after 2 years of humid winters; 15
percent after three years.